Minimally invasive procedure with risk of minimal complications
Gastric banding involves placing a silicone gastric band with an inflatable inner collar around the upper stomach to restrict food intake. This creates a small pouch and a narrow passage to the larger lower stomach. This small passage restricts the food from passing through pouch at a rapid pace and causes a feeling of fullness. The silicone gastric band is tightened or loosened over time to change the size of the passage.
Gastric banding is most often performed laparoscopically, meaning that the surgeon makes small incisions as opposed to one large one. It is usually done on an outpatient basis, sending the patient home the same day.
The complications are minimal and are usually simple adjustment that can be performed at the doctors office during a regularly scheduled appointment. Band slippage is the most common of the adjustments needed. Port breakage is another issue, although the newer bands have corrected this issue. Acid reflux can also be common in banded patients, this could be a sign of band slippage.
This procedure is a very common easily reversible procedure as well as a first step toward gastric sleeve. Many people that have Gastric Band and did not achieve the rapid weight loss desired, Gastric Sleeve was an easy transition.